Is Check Fraud Damaging Your Bottom Line?


In the digital age, where electronic transactions are the norm, it’s easy to assume that traditional paper checks have become obsolete. However, checks are still widely used in businesses for various purposes, from payroll to vendor payments. Unfortunately, this continued reliance on checks has given rise to check fraud—a costly problem that can significantly impact a company’s bottom line. In this article, we’ll explore the ins and outs of check fraud, its various forms, and most importantly, strategies to protect your business from falling victim to this financial threat.

Understanding Check Fraud

What is Check Fraud?

Check fraud refers to the illegal act of creating, altering, or counterfeiting checks to deceive individuals or organizations into providing funds or goods.

Common Types of Check Fraud

  1. Forgery: Criminals alter or create counterfeit checks, often using stolen or fictitious bank account information.
  2. Check Kiting: Perpetrators manipulate the float period between depositing a bad check and withdrawing funds to create a false balance.
  3. Counterfeit Checks: High-quality replicas of legitimate checks are created and cashed or deposited fraudulently.
  4. Account Takeover: Criminals gain unauthorized access to a legitimate account and issue fraudulent checks.
  5. Remote Deposit Capture Fraud: Fraudsters use mobile apps or online platforms to deposit fraudulent checks remotely.

The Financial Impact of Check Fraud

Direct Costs

  1. Lost Funds: Businesses can suffer significant financial losses due to fraudulent checks.
  2. Legal Fees: Pursuing legal action against perpetrators incurs legal fees and expenses.
  3. Investigation Costs: Investigating and resolving check fraud incidents demands time and resources.

Indirect Costs

  1. Reputation Damage: Falling victim to it can harm a company’s reputation and erode customer trust.
  2. Operational Disruption: Dealing with it can disrupt normal business operations.
  3. Increased Security Costs: To prevent future incidents, companies may need to invest in enhanced security measures.

Strategies to Prevent Check Fraud

Employee Training and Awareness

  1. Education: Train employees to recognize the signs of fraudulent checks and emphasize the importance of due diligence.
  2. Clear Procedures: Establish clear guidelines for handling checks and reporting suspicious activity.

Enhanced Verification Measures

  1. Positive Pay: Implement a positive pay system with your bank to match checks against an approved list.
  2. Watermark Checks: Use watermarked or security-enhanced checks that are more difficult to counterfeit.
  3. Multi-factor Authentication: Require multiple levels of verification for check approvals.

Regular Reconciliation and Monitoring

  1. Frequent Reconciliation: Reconcile accounts regularly to detect irregularities promptly.
  2. Electronic Check Verification: Use electronic check verification services to assess the legitimacy of checks.

Secure Check Handling

  1. Lockbox Services: Utilize lockbox services offered by banks to secure incoming checks.
  2. Secure Storage: Safeguard check stock and pre-signed checks in a secure location.

Detecting and Responding to Check Fraud

Early Detection

  1. Monitor Accounts: Regularly review account statements for unusual or unauthorized transactions.
  2. Analyze Check Images: Examine check images for any irregularities or signs of tampering.

Reporting and Legal Action

  1. Report to Authorities: Notify law enforcement and your bank immediately if you suspect check fraud.
  2. Legal Pursuit: Consult with legal counsel to determine the best course of action against perpetrators.


Check fraud may not be in the spotlight, but it remains a persistent threat that can wreak havoc on your business’s finances and reputation. With the right strategies and preventive measures, you can significantly reduce the risk of falling victim to this costly crime. Remember, vigilance and education are your greatest allies in protecting your bottom line from the damaging effects of it. Stay informed, stay secure, and safeguard your business against this ever-present threat.